Nurses face challenges to identify appropriate, well-designed education offered by qualified individuals. They may perceive negative lifestyle differences when compared to urban and suburban options. The ideal person to initially examine an HT victim is a forensic nurse, a nurse with Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) certification, or an emergency nurse with advanced training in evidence collection, preservation, and documentation (Peters, 2013). What makes this issue more pressing and a worldwide focus is that these are preventable deaths. Home Oxygen Therapy. Background. Main APIC website and home page includes a search engine with a number of relevant “emerging diseases” resources are located. By developing and promoting the relevant knowledge and skills in global nursing, we believe that future nurses will be prepared to accommodate tomorrow’s nursing care needs. WorkplaceSafety/ Retrieved from http://digitalcommons.library.tmc.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1029&context=childrenatrisk. In the next section, we will consider in depth three GHIs: emerging infectious diseases, human trafficking, and maternal-newborn health. Salaries for health workers tend to be lower in rural areas, but these individuals may work longer hours due to the limited number of providers. Human Trafficking: The Role of the Health Care Provider. Alpert, E. J., Ahn, R., Albright, E., Purcell, G., Burke, T. F., & Macias-Konstantopoulos, W. L. (2014). Allen, E. (2010). July/August 2009, Volume :34 Number 4 , page 263 - 263 [Free] Leaders provide vital support by supporting flexibility and agility as employees respond to the constantly changing global healthcare market (Cianelli, Clipper, Freeman, Goldstein & Wyatt, 2016). Washington D.C.: The National Academies Press, Clement-O’Brien, K., Polit, D. F., & Fitzpatrick, J. J. This article considers response to issues of emerging infectious diseases, human trafficking, maternal-newborn health; preparedness for health inequities within a framework of social justice, equity; and mal-distribution of health workers globally. Sharing links are not available for this article. The global need for nursing care exceeds the capacity to provide people with good quality nursing care, and this is linked to the lack of nurses and nursing faculties. Of these, 50,000 are trafficked into the United States, meaning there are twice as many people enslaved today as during the African slave trade (Dovydaitis, 2010). Journal of Nursing Management, 19(4), 431-438. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2834.2010.01199.x, DeBaca, L. C., & Sigmon, J. N. (2014). Leading causes of maternal deaths in the United States overlap with the main global causes; hemorrhage, pregnancy-related hypertensive disorders and infection are among the top causes of death in both the U.S. and the developing world (Bingham, Strauss & Coeytaux, 2011). Adopting critical theories and perspectives may help nurses to identify and uncover repressive structures in nursing care contexts, which can in turn lead to social change. GHIs occur in numerous ways and are influenced by a multitude of factors that can best be impacted by the nursing community with awareness building, focused education, nurse activation, and infrastructure support, with the nurse acting as a sentinel. Retrieved from https://www.advisory.com/daily-briefing/2016/08/15/the-maternal-death-rate-has-doubled. In this section, we provide background about human trafficking and discuss efforts related to nurses and advocacy. Cindy McCain So you want to make a difference: Advocacy is the key (16th ed.). For example, by becoming a member of a local board, the contribution of nurses and nursing is represented at community tables and can positively impact change that reaches far beyond traditional healthcare delivery settings. Global Health: Science and Practice, 2(3), 261-267. doi:10.9745/GHSP-D-13-00142, Devereaux, A. During 2015-2050, half of the world population growth is expected to be concentrated in nine countries: India, Nigeria, Pakistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, United Republic of Tanzania, United States of America (U.S.), Indonesia, and Uganda, listed according to the size of their contribution to the total growth (Greysen, Chen, & Mullan, 2011). Nurses can potentially impact each of these three prominent concerns. Journal of Professional Nursing, 21(3), 183-90. It also requires the leader to be a global citizen, or someone who works to make the world a better place. The role of nurses in clinical practice is dynamic and evolving; much more is asked of nurses in today’s practice settings. Koplan, J. P., Bond, C., Merson, M. H., Reddy, K. S., Rodriguez, M. H., Sewankambo, N. K. & Wasserheit, J. N. (2009). Quality of care for maternal and newborn health: the neglected agenda. Sylvia Trent-Adams, PhD, RN, FAAN The Swedish Red Cross University College (SRCUC) has contributed to the global discourse in several aspects spanning the last years,9 not least those elements related to the International Red Cross tradition and its basic humanitarian principles.10 In this opinion piece, we would like to share the stipulated definition that guides our subject profile area: global nursing. (2009, July 13). The subject profile area is characterised by advocacy, activism and sustainable development. Cole Edmonson, DNP, RN, FACHE, NEA-BC, FAAN These long-term, grassroots initiatives are shaping the new face of nursing in global health. Nurses and HT advocacy. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 48(1), 91-97. Emerging Infectious Disease Resource for Nurses, http://www.aannet.org/policy-advocacy/ Administrative support is also critical to gain the trust of frontline nurses as they embark on a journey of change that will positively impact GHIs they face in practice on a daily basis. Public awareness is a first step in the fight against HT; the best defense against HT is a knowledgeable, engaged, and acutely aware community. By continuing to browse Emergency department (ED) nurses are in a unique position as one of the few professionals likely to encounter trafficked victims and can be the first to interact with victims. Grace, A. M., Lippert, S., Collins, K., Pineda, N., Tolani, A., Walker, R., ... Horwitz, S. M. (2014). Why Certify? Global health issues (GHIs) transcend national boundaries (Koplan et al., 2009). A., & Black, R. E. (2013). dengue fever, pertussis) in new locations; outbreaks of foodborne illnesses (e.g., Salmonella); and the appearance of a highly resistant strain of gonorrhea. Innovativeness of nurse leaders. The email address and/or password entered does not match our records, please check and try again. In many countries, health worker shortages are exacerbated by severe maldistribution (Chen et. Nurses provide 24-hour continuity of care and close surveillance, and are regarded as ‘gatekeepers’ for patients (Choi, 2015). Infectious diseases... have been defined as "emerging." For more information view the SAGE Journals Article Sharing page. They include new infections resulting from changes to or evolution of existing organisms; known infections spreading to new geographic areas or populations; previously unrecognized infections appearing in areas undergoing ecologic transformation; and old infections reemerging as a result of antimicrobial resistance in known agents or breakdowns in public health measures (Morse, 1995). Joint Learning Initiative. Leaders must take responsibility to filter knowledge of GHIs downward and upward within organizations. Human trafficking (HT) is perceived as a form of modern day slavery. “Infection Prevention and You” for Healthcare Professionals – “Bugs and Outbreaks” – information pertaining to bacteria, viruses, and foodborne outbreaks in the news media. Striking the right balance: Health workforce retention in remote and rural areas. A specifically important aspect of the definition is that the local/global binary is inseparable. DOI:10.1016/j.jen.2012.03.017. Nurses and nurse educators are important to the development of social responsibility. (2005). The economic crash in the late 2000s and epidemics that cross countries in a matter of hours and days are all fueled by greater connections, information technology, international travel, and migration patterns. In the United States, the cost of health professionals has significantly increased. This number does not include American citizens trafficked to foreign nations. A global citizen is aware of the wider world; respects and values diversity; and is outraged by social injustice at any level (Oulton, 2014). Please read and accept the terms and conditions and check the box to generate a sharing link. View or download all content the institution has subscribed to. (2013). This global health issue, although not new, has recently garnered increased concern. Retrieved from https://c.ymcdn.com/sites/tone.site-ym.com/resource/resmgr/docs/innovations-roadmapv4(englis.pdf. Chen, L. (2010). Email: june.marshall@sbcglobal.net. Innovation Works. Maternal-Newborn Health Peters, K. (2013). Devereaux (2015) conducted an evolutionary concept analysis on pandemic influenza that highlighted the need for efficient responses and further investigation into implications for the nursing profession. The author declares that there is no conflict of interest. Geneva Switzerland: International Council of Nurses. BJOG, 18-21. http://dx.doi.org/doi: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2009.02333.x, World Health Organization. Many factors impact the balance of demand and the supply of timely, appropriate care. Washington D.C. Retrieved from judiciary.house.gov/HEARINGS/pdf/allen100915.pdf. Additionally, nurses must recognize and understand the impact of social determinants of health on population outcomes, including genetics; social and physical environments; socioeconomic status; biologic and behavioral responses; access to care; availability of food and transportation; and others. ...[the] idea of boundaries may provide a false sense of security and detachment from issues occurring in other parts of the world. Although global health and its predecessor international health have been around for centuries, improvements in travel and the rise of communicable diseases have made an integrated global approach to health necessary (Hargarten, Martin, Hauswald & Hirshon, 2013). Of great concern in GHIs is the maldistribution of the healthcare work force in terms of geography, disease, infrastructure and resources. Wood D. A global profession. To answer the question that first concerned the SRCUC, we previously had conducted a traditional undergraduate nursing education that needed to be updated in relation to what is now happening globally. This article focuses on one infrastructure issue that continued to surface and impacted each of the additional GHIs we selected: emerging infectious diseases, human trafficking, and maternal-newborn health. The connection between health outcomes and social determinants of health reinforces the importance for nurses to engage collectively on a global level to positively impact population health outcomes. (McCain, 2016). An international comparative public health analysis of sex trafficking of women and girls in eight cities: Achieving a more effective health sector response. Sweden has been one of the countries that has welcomed people and given them refuge. (2016). The International Journal of Nursing Studies (IJNS) provides a forum for original research and scholarship about health care delivery, organisation, management, workforce, policy and research methods relevant to nursing, midwifery and other health related professions. (2016). Maternal mortality is a serious international public health issue. June Marshall is a nurse scientist for Texas Health Resources, an entrepreneur and leader in nursing. “Emerging Infectious Diseases” section includes information on emergency preparedness, access to additional resources, and “understanding emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases.”. (2011). She got the Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) degree in 2014 from the University of Minnesota. Global maternal, newborn and child health-so near and yet so far. Cindy McCarthy, DNP, MBA, MHA, RN, NEA-BC, CEN (2011, October). 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